Musings from 20th Street – The Healing Benefits of Castor Oil

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Musings from 20th Street

About the Lowly Humble Castor Oil:
A Miracle Cure for
Most of What Ails You
Written by Jane G. Goldberg, Ph.D.
It is one of the simplest as well as oldest therapies available. It’s also one of the most effective, and for such a wide range of ailments that it begins to sound like science fiction. 
It also demonstrates the hormesis effect (as does low-level radiation that I have written about in the past). Essentially, the hormesis effect demonstrates that In a therapeutic dosage, the substance in question cures; too much, however, kills.
I first learned about castor oil as a healing treatment when I was studying at the Association of Research and Enlightenment in 1966. I was going to be a junior in college, and was spending the summer studying at ARE, the institution devoted to maintaining and codifying all of the readings of the late, famed medical intuitive, Edgar Cayce. Cayce was known to fall into a trance, and give both diagnoses and therapeutic solutions for people about whom the only information he had was their names and addresses. Subsequent statistical analyses have documented that Cayce was uncannily accurate in his medical assessment of his “patients.” 
Cayce referred frequently to massage as a treatment for a wide variety of physical ailments. And among the massages he recommended most often was one using castor oil as a lubricant. In his readings, Cayce also emphasized the importance of Peyer’s patches: these are little known and little understood clumps of lymphatic tissue found in the small intestine. Cayce believed that the overall health of an individual is directly related to the health of these Peyer’s patches.  He stated on several occasions that a substance formed in these patches is necessary for maintaining the integrity of the nervous system. Cayce may have only “intuited” the relationship between Peyer’s patches, castor oil and health, but modern science shows that he was on the right track.
Conditions Responding to Castor Oil 
Cayce was by no means the first health advocate for castor oil. The history of its usage as both a therapeutic and beautifying agent is as old as we have records. Cleopatra is said to have used it to brighten the whites of her eyes. It has been used in China for centuries as a medicine for both internal medicinal use as well as externally as an anti-aging remedy for skin and hair growth. Traditional Ayurvedic medicine considers castor oil the king of medicinals for curing arthritic diseases. In India, it is regularly given to children orally for de-worming. In this country, when I was growing up in the 50s, it was routinely given to children to drink a tablespoon of as a remedy for constipation. (It’s really more of a purgative than a laxative, and will almost always work when bulk laxatives fail.) And, I also remember my mother telling me that she had been given castor oil before each of the births of her children to stimulate uterine contractions.
Castor oil improves both blood and lymphatic fluid flow. It benefits in the specific conditions of inflammation, congestion, and constipation.
Here is the long list of conditions that we now know can be helped by castor oil:
  • skin keratosis
  • ringworm
  • fungal and bacterial infections
  • wounds
  • abdominal stretch marks (prevention)
  • bursitis
  • sebaceous cysts
  • warts
  • applied to breasts to increase milk secretion and relieve inflammation and milk stagnation in the mammary glands.  
  • menstrual-related congestion; promotes normal menstruation as well as relieving menstrual cramps (I used castor oil packs to relieve menstrual cramps regularly when I was still getting my period, and it never failed to significantly reduce the pain.)
  • senile lentigo (“liver” or “aging” spots)
  • muscle strains
  • ligament sprains
  • itching
  • chronic fluid retention with swollen joints and pain
  • arthritis
  • upper respiratory infections involving the sinuses, tonsils and inner ear
  • colon problems (Crohn’s disease, constipation, bowel impaction, colitis)
  • gallbladder disease
  • boils
  • liver cirrhosis, hepatitis, enlargement or congestion
  •  appendicitis
  • hyperactivity
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • bladder and vaginal infections
  • nerve inflammations (sciatica, shingles)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • multiple sclerosis
  • migraine headaches
  • cerebral palsy
The Science behind the Efficacy of Castor Oil
Castor oil is a triglyceride of fatty acids, and it seems to be unique in its concentration of 90% ricinoleic acid, an unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. Other fatty acids are also present for the remaining 10%, including oleic acid, undecylenic acid. and linoleic acid. Part of the remarkable power of castor oil lies in the fact that ricinoleic acid has been shown to be highly effective as a detoxifying agent in preventing and inhibiting the growth of numerous species of viruses, bacteria, yeasts and molds. 
Although castor oil has had a long history as a medicinal, it is only recently that we have begun to understand the science behind its efficacy. It should not surprise us to find out that its very wide applicability for so many diseases and conditions has to do with three main systems of the body: the immune system, the lymphatic system, and the digestive system. Of course, these three systems are intimately connected to each other, as researchers now understand that up to 80% of the immune system is located within the gut—the digestive tract—and the lymphatic system, too, is a crucial part of the immune system. To this day, we still don’t totally understand the specific functions and importance of Peyer’s patches. But we have enough research on it to understand at least some aspects of the science behind its effectiveness. Researchers have witnessed that castor oil affects specifically Peyer’s patches, and in rather remarkable (really miraculous) ways.
Thanks to the recent research of Stefan Offermanns, a biologist at the Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research in Germany, and his colleagues, we now understand why my mother’s generation was so sold on castor oil. The ricinoleic acid that comprises most of the oil connects to two prostaglandin receptors: EP 3­ and EP4. Both have varied roles in the body, from changing the structure of neurons to controlling how blood clots. In experiments on mice, the researchers showed that ricinoleic acid induces its laxative and labor-inducing effects by interacting with EP3­. When someone swallows castor oil, ricinoleic acid latches onto EP3­ molecules in smooth muscle cells on the walls of the small intestine and causes contractions, explaining castor oil’s effectiveness as a laxative. Similarly, the researchers showed that ricinoleic acid binds to EP3­ in the uterus and causes contractions.
The Hormesis Effect: 
Viruses, bacterial and other pathogens are not the only substances that castor can kill. It is a broad-spectrum germicide, and as such, is used as a spermicide in spermicidal gels. If administered to pregnant women in slightly higher dosages, it may also cause abortions. However, if the dosage is too high (and correct dosage for this purpose can be difficult to determine), administration of the oil can be fatal for the mother too. Thus, castor oil is not recommended as a mode of birth control.
We now understand that it is the same the germicidal, insecticidal and fungicidal properties of ricinoleic acid that is the mechanism by which scalp and hair are positively affected. They are protected from microbial and fungal infections. These are the two prime causes of hair loss. In addition, the fatty acids in the oil nourish hair and prevent the scalp from drying by retaining moisture well.
Although the right dosage of the oil can be used to create health, the seeds from which the oil is extracted can be quite dangerous. They contain ricin, a poison. When the seeds are swallowed whole, they simply pass through the digestive tract without releasing the toxin, and with no damage to any animal, including humans. But when the seeds are broken or chewed, the toxin is quickly absorbed, and causes fatality. Toxicity varies among animal species: four seeds will kill a rabbit; five kill a sheep; six kill an ox or horse; seven, a pig; and eleven, a dog. Ducks, for whatever reason, have shown far more resistance to the seeds: it takes about 80 to kill them. A fatal dose for humans is four to eight seeds, and symptoms of ricin poisoning usually appear within 36 hours after ingestion. Death occurs within three to five days. 
During the First World War, Italian Fascist poet Gabriele D’Annunzio conceived of castor oil as a method of punishment. In World War II, it was used as an instrument of coercion by the paramilitary Blackshirts under the regime of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Dissidents and regime opponents were forced to ingest the oil in large amounts, triggering severe diarrhea and dehydration, which could ultimately cause death. 
It is thought that ricin from castor seeds was used to poison the Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov in 1978. Markov was stabbed by the tip of an umbrella dipped in ricin while he was waiting for a bus near the Waterloo station in London. The autopsy showed a perforated capsule lodged in his leg.
The Lymphatic System and Peyer’s Patches:
The lymphatic system is an amazingly complex structure. The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph, a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells, throughout the body. 
Lymphatic vessels are similar to the circulatory system’s veins and capillaries. They are connected to lymph nodes, where the lymph is filtered. We have hundreds of lymph nodes located deep within the body, around the lungs and heart, or closer to the surface, such as under the arm or groin. The tonsils, adenoids, spleen and thymus are all part of the lymphatic system.
Many of us have experienced the tenderness and swelling of an inflamed lymph node at one time or another. This is the result of antibodies fighting an infection either in the node itself or somewhere in the draining area of that particular lymph chain.
Most women know about the lymphatic system because of concern about breast health. Any woman who is diagnosed with breast cancer, and decides to have a mastectomy or lumpectomy, has to make a difficult decision of whether to remove lymph nodes under her arms. The decision is not insignificant because removal of lymph nodes also reduces immunity. 
The first sign of a failure of the lymphatic system is “pitting” edema. This is an accumulation of fluid in tissues, or swelling, and it usually happens in the feet, ankles or hands.  The test for “pitting” edema is simple.  A finger is pressed into the skin at the area of the swelling and then quickly removed.  The skin stays depressed, forming a small “pit”, which remains until the fluid outside the cells has time to return to the area, usually only from 5 to 30 seconds.  The problem with this test is that “pitting” edema cannot be observed until fluid levels outside the cells reach 30 percent above normal.  In other words, you can have a serious lymphatic drainage problem long before it can be detected through this test. 
Peyer’s patches, as part of the lymphatic system, are crucially important for over-all health. This is lymphatic tissue that is part of the gastrointestinal immune system, lying in clumps throughout the mucous membrane of the lowest portion of the small intestine. Like lymph nodes, Peyer’s patches produce lymph. In aiding in the production of antibodies, they help to keep the gastrointestinal system free of harmful pathogens. This is especially important in the lower reaches of the small intestine where a wide variety of potentially harmful bacteria from both the stomach and the large intestine live.
Peyer’s patches are smart. They have the ability to distinguish between “harmful” and “non-harmful” entities as food passes through the gastrointestinal tract.  Antigens in the food are presented to the tissue and Peyer’s patches determine how they should be classified.  In addition to recognizing antigens and triggering the appropriate response, Peyer’s patches can also learn to identify new antigens, storing this information for future reference to make the immune system more effective.

Peyer’s Patches

Peyer’s patches have a unique role in the processing of fat. Unlike other nutrients, fat molecules are generally too large to be absorbed directly from the intestine. Instead, they are absorbed by the Peyer’s patches, and transported along the lymphatic system; they are then released into the blood stream where they are carried throughout the rest of the body.  Between 80 to 90 percent of all the fat absorbed from the gut requires the help of the lymphatic system.
Castor Oil to the Rescue
Several problems occur when the lymph drainage slows. The amount of oxygen and nourishment the cells receive is decreased. Cells become auto-intoxicated, and are forced to survive in their own waste and toxic by-products.  This situation can occur in any part of the body where lymph nodes live, including the heart (leading to tissue damage and even heart failure), as well as in the liver, the kidneys and other organs.
Although drugs can be used in these conditions, they are not an effective way of restoring lymphatic flow. But lymphatic flow can be restored when castor oil is absorbed through the skin. With dermal absorption, several extraordinary events take place: 
1) The lymphocyte count of the blood increases.  This is a result of a positive influence on the thymus gland and/or lymphatic tissue. 
2) The flow of lymph increases throughout the body.  This speeds up the removal of toxins surrounding the cells and reduces the size of swollen lymph nodes. 
3) As toxicity is reduced, the pH of the saliva becomes less acidic, indicating improved health.  
4) The Peyer’s patches in the small intestine become more efficient in their absorption of fatty acids, which are essential for the formation of hormones and other components necessary for growth and repair.
Common Methods of Using Castor Oil
The most common way to use castor oil (and most objectionable) is to take it orally.  Generally, oral doses are used to correct constipation.  The recommended dose is 1 tablespoon for adults and 1 teaspoon for children.  You can usually expect a “purging” of the system in about four to six hours.
Massaged Directly into the Skin
The oil can simply be rubbed into the skin.  It can also be used as a massage oil, which seems to be especially effective when applied along the spinal column. 
Castor Oil Packs
Packs are the method most advocated by Cayce. It is an economical and efficient method of absorbing the ricinoleic acid and other healing components of castor oil directly into body tissues.
To make a castor oil pack 
1.  Start by placing a heating pad or hydracolator (the hydracolator has the advantage of not having any electromagnetic pollution, but the disadvantage of losing heat) on a flat surface. The heat level should be high.
2.  On top of the pad lay a plastic garbage bag.  Next, soak flannel cloth with castor oil (generally about 1/2 cup, and alternatively, the castor oil can be warmed on the stove first and the flannel put directly into the hot oil) and lay both on top of the garbage bag and the heating element.
3.  The entire pack can now be placed against the body with the oil-soaked flannel on the skin.  For general conditions the pack should be placed on the abdomen.  For treating lower back problems, the pack can be placed there.  To help hold the pack in place and to keep oil from getting on bedding or clothes, the body can be wrapped in a large bath towel.
4.  The pack should remain in place for at least one hour and the temperature of the heating pad should be kept at the highest temperature tolerable. If you are using a hydracolator, you will have to re-heat it. 
5.  When you remove the pack, the remaining oil can be massaged into the skin or cleaned off using a little soda water made from 1 quart of warm water and 2 tablespoons of baking soda.
6.  The flannel can be reused if stored properly after removing the pack.  Put the flannel in either a plastic bag or zip-loc container and place it in the refrigerator.  Before using it again, let it warm up, and always add another 1 or 2 tablespoons of fresh cold pressed castor oil. (After a month of use, it’s best to begin using new flannel.)
The Importance of Peyer’s Patches and Supplements
Frank Ervolino, ND has some interesting things to say about Peyer’s patches and supplements. He first explains the obvious: dietary supplements can only be useful if they are absorbed.  Without the proper absorption, these supplements are simply digested and turned to waste.  
Dr. Ervolina goes on to explain how Peyer’s patches work in this process of absorption. As we have found out, Peyer’s patches play a very important role in immune response. And, as such, they also play a lesser known, but equally important role in the absorption of dietary supplements that are used for immune response:  
“Research has shown that dietary supplements made from yeast and bacteria cell wall, glucans from mushrooms and other sources, act on the immune system via presentation of Peyer’s patch follicles. These follicles, located in the lower intestine of gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), grab hold of samples of bacteria, constituents of digested food, and other matter that transit the gastrointestinal tract in order to provide the immune system with information on the type of pathological threats facing the organism. The body responds to the compounds presented via Peyer’s patches by modifying, or modulating immune response.”
Dr. Ervolino suggests to choose supplements, especially immune supplements, that are micro-encapsulated with layers to protect the active material from degradation caused by the high acid environment of the stomach. As well, layers of micro-encapsulation materials adhere to Peyer’s patches, slowing their transit through the lower GI tract, and enhancing their presentation to the immune system.
Addendum and Conclusion
In his readings, Cayce attributed several actions to castor oil.  Most were in one way or another related to the body’s lymphatic system.  However, he also alluded to the idea that castor oil has a vibrational quality that helps harmonize and promote healing within body cells. 
Dr. Johanna Budwig developed a cancer treatment using flaxseed and cottage cheese. She has related much of the healing properties of flax oil to its unique chemical bonds that vibrate at the same frequency as the wavelengths of sunlight.  She feels the essential fatty acids in flax oil have the ability to absorb and store the energy from sunlight.  It’s possible that the special bonding in castor oil’s unique ricinoleic acid works in a somewhat related method.
¥ Peyer’s patches are the largest component of the body’s immune system.
¥ They are instrumental in modulating “harmful” versus “non-harmful” for the overall immune system through antigen recognition.
¥ They regulate gut permeability and nutrient absorption.
¥ Peyer’s patches assist in detoxifying the body by using their absorption ability to direct toxins back to the lymph system for removal.
¥ They modulate the immune system through receptor sites that regulate innate and adaptive immune responses.
  • Dr. David G. Williams – Alternatives Newsletter, Vol. 6, No.1, July 1995
  • ScienceNOW, the daily online news service of the journal Science
  • Soto-Blanco B, Sinhorini IL, Gorniak SL, Schumaher-Henrique B (June 2002). “Ricinus communis cake poisoning in a dog”. Vet Hum Toxicol 44 (3): 155–6. PMID 12046967.
  • Ricinus communis (Castor bean)—Cornell University 2008. [1]
  • Union County College: Biology: Plant of the Week: Castor Bean Plant
  • Williamson E. M. (ed) “Major Herbs of Ayurveda”, Churchill Livingstone 2002
  • Wedin GP, Neal JS, Everson GW, Krenzelok EP (May 1986). “Castor bean poisoning”. Am J Emerg Med 4 (3): 259–61. doi:10.1016/0735-6757(86)90080-X. PMID 3964368
  • Tunaru S, Althoff TF, Nusing RM, Diener M, Offermanns S. Castor Oil Induces Laxation and Uterus Contraction via Ricinoleic Acid Activating Prostaglandin EP3 Receptors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2012; 109(23)9179-9184.
  • Int J Inflam. 2010; Peyer’s Patches: The Immune Sensors of the Intestine – Camille Jung, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Frédérick Barreau
  • J Am Oil Chem Soc 61;37.323-325.

Respectfully submitted by:

La Casa

Spa and Wellness Center


Jane G. Goldberg Ph.D.

*Licensed Psychologist
*Certified  Psychoanalyst
*Stone Carrier Medicine Woman, Native American Traditional Organization

– Upcoming Vaccine Information Facebook Event
There are health risks associated with vaccines, and vaccines don’t always work (just take a look at the package inserts for various vaccines, which, incidentally, are very rarely shown to patients before shots are given). Despite that, the editorial board of a national newspaper recently declared that you should not be free to make vaccine choices for yourself or your children. Many state legislatures are considering doing away with exemptions for vaccinations so that unvaccinated children can be barred from attending school and adults will be required to get vaccinated to have jobs in daycare, hospitals, and other areas.
This week — Nov. 8 – 14, 2015 — is the sixth annual Vaccine Awareness Week, co-sponsored by National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) and
On Thursday evening, November 12th, from 9 to 10 p.m. ET, Barbara Loe Fisher, president of NVIC, and Dr. Joseph M. Mercola will be holding a vaccine information event on Facebook. They will feature short videos, and information about the programs and services of the NVIC, all of which relate to education and advocacy. It’s a great opportunity to become informed on this very important health/human rights issue. Hope you can be there! Click here now to register for this event.
For more info on this week’s events: go to Vaccine Awareness Week
To your health!
Foundation for Advancement in Cancer Therapy (FACT)

Click HERE to register for this event, and don’t forget to check out the video below for more information on vaccine awareness.

{This event is co-sponsored by Dr. Mercola:

and the National Vaccination Information Center:

Shock study: Chemotherapy can backfire, make cancer worse by triggering tumor growth
Scientists found that healthy cells damaged by chemotherapy secreted more of a protein called WNT16B, which boosts cancer cell survival. ‘The increase in WNT16B was completely unexpected,” said Peter Nelson, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
Healthy cells damaged by chemotherapy secrete more of a protein called WNT16B, which boosts cancer cell survival
Long considered the most effective cancer-fighting treatment, chemotherapy may actually make cancer worse, according to a shocking new study.
The extremely aggressive therapy, which kills both cancerous and healthy cells indiscriminately, can cause healthy cells to secrete a protein that sustains tumor growth and resistance to further treatment.
Researchers in the United States made the “completely unexpected” finding while seeking to explain why cancer cells are so resilient inside the human body when they are easy to kill in the lab.
They tested the effects of a type of chemotherapy on tissue collected from men with prostate cancer, and found “evidence of DNA damage” in healthy cells after treatment, the scientists wrote in Nature Medicine.
Chemotherapy works by inhibiting reproduction of fast-dividing cells such as those found in tumors.
The scientists found that healthy cells damaged by chemotherapy secreted more of a protein called WNT16B which boosts cancer cell survival.
“The increase in WNT16B was completely unexpected,” study co-author Peter Nelson of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle told AFP.
The protein was taken up by tumor cells neighboring the damaged cells.
“WNT16B, when secreted, would interact with nearby tumor cells and cause them to grow, invade, and importantly, resist subsequent therapy,” said Nelson.
In cancer treatment, tumors often respond well initially, followed by rapid re-growth and then resistance to further chemotherapy.
Rates of tumor cell reproduction have been shown to accelerate between treatments.
“Our results indicate that damage responses in benign cells… may directly contribute to enhanced tumor growth kinetics,” wrote the team.
The researchers said they confirmed their findings with breast and ovarian cancer tumors.


La Casa Spa’s NEW

Far-Infrared Salt Sauna!

Experience the benefits of both far-infrared heat technology and the healing minerals of natural salt with our newest service – just in time to heat things up this winter!

When the salt-infused air of the sauna is breathed in, it helps to replenish what your body has lost from the environment due to pollution and everyday stressful living.
Himalayan salt can generate negative ions that work to dispel bad or positive ions (EMFs) that are always present in the air.
When there are fewer positive ions, breathing is made easier and healing can take place. In addition, the negative ions help to ease the mind and soothe frayed nerves. When one enters a salt sauna, they can feel the difference in the air right away, and breathing becomes easier and your mood becomes better. You leave feeling renewed and energized.
Not only do you get all the goodness of Himalayan salt, but you also get the therapeutic heat of our far-infrared lamps. These are high intensity lamps that can get as hot as 500 degrees. But, as with all far-infrared heat, you don’t feel espepcially hot. If you use only the infrared lamp, the air inside the sauna doesn’t get hot, as infrared only heats mass, not air (your body being the neareat mass that it finds).
Far-Infrared saunas are wonderful for helping the body get rid of toxin buildup and can also aid in weight loss.
When you combine Himalayan salt and far-infrared light (as we have done), the benefits for the mind and body are immense!
Call 212-673-2272 to book your session today.*
*La Casa is available to book appointments between 10:30 AM and 6:30 PM, 7 days per week. 
**Please specify upon booking which type of heat you would like to experience in the sauna. Both the original and far-infrared heating systems are DRY; however, you will naturally sweat less when using far-infrared heat. 

Another Wonderful Review for La Casa

Spa and Wellness Center!

“La Casa Day Spa is a fantastic place and I can’t believe that everyone and their mom isn’t beating down the door to get an appt. The setting is very relaxed and extraordinarily peaceful.
I got my first colonic here today and it was a much different experience than I had pictured in my head. First of all, the room is very calming rather than sterile and cold. Cher was very friendly and great at putting me at ease and making sure I was comfortable. She was professional and respectful of the situation at hand. Not chatty like some spa staff we’ve all encountered. She asked questions about my lifestyle and diet to make recommendations on how I could improve my digestive health. 
I enjoyed my experience so much that I scheduled my next appt before I left. I’m very interested to try a float on my next visit!”
Ryan L.

Introduce these Foods to your Diet and Reduce Inflammation

It is becoming increasingly clear that chronic inflammation is the root cause of many serious illnesses – including heart disease, many cancers, and Alzheimer’s disease. We all know inflammation on the surface of the body as local redness, heat, swelling and pain. It is the cornerstone of the body’s healing response, bringing more nourishment and more immune activity to a site of injury or infection. But when inflammation persists or serves no purpose, it damages the body and causes illness.

Stress, lack of exercise, genetic predisposition, and exposure to toxins (like secondhand tobacco smoke) can all contribute to such chronic inflammation, but dietary choices play a big role as well. Learning how specific foods influence the inflammatory process is the best strategy for containing it and reducing long-term disease risks.

The Anti-Inflammatory Diet is not a diet in the popular sense – it is not intended as a weight-loss program (although people can and do lose weight on it), nor is the Anti-Inflammatory Diet an eating plan to stay on for a limited period of time. Rather, it is way of selecting and preparing anti-inflammatory foods based on scientific knowledge of how they can help your body maintain optimum health. Along with influencing inflammation, this natural anti-inflammatory diet will provide steady energy and ample vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids dietary fiber, and protective phytonutrients.
Click HERE for more information on how to adjust your diet to fight chronic inflammation.

La Casa was created out of the experience one woman had with her mother. Long before holistic medicine became widely known, Dr. Jane Goldberg spent the 1970s seeking alternative cancer therapies for her mother, who had been diagnosed with terminal bone cancer. Following sound principles of holistic health, Jane’s mother was able to reverse her cancer condition entirely, moving from her wheelchair to joyfully playing tennis again. This experience inspired Jane to specialize in her pyschoanalytic practice to work with cancer patients, and to fulfill the need for a holistic healing center in NYC. Jane and La Casa invite you to partake of the restorative and profoundly cleansing therapies that have brought La Casa world-wide recognition.

Think of your body as part of the earth,

Think of the earth as part of your soul

La Casa Spa

41 East 20th Street,

New York, NY. 10003